What are the risks of biohacking?

Biohacking, also known as DIY biology, refers to the practice of modifying or manipulating biological systems, often for personal or recreational purposes. While biohacking can lead to some exciting developments and innovations, there are also potential risks involved. These risks can include the following:

  • Biohacking may be unsafe: Some biohacking projects, particularly those done by amateurs, may be dangerous or even deadly. For example, some biohackers have attempted to genetically modify organisms without fully understanding the potential consequences, which could lead to unforeseen health risks.
  • Biohacking may be unethical: Biohacking often involves altering the genetic makeup of living organisms, which raises ethical concerns. Some critics argue that biohacking could be used to create "designer" organisms for harmful purposes, such as creating dangerous pathogens.
  • Biohacking may be illegal: In some cases, biohacking may be illegal depending on the specific project and the laws in the jurisdiction where it is being conducted. For example, some countries have laws that prohibit the creation of certain genetically modified organisms or the use of certain genetic engineering techniques.
  • Biohacking may have unforeseen consequences: As with any new technology, biohacking may have unintended consequences that are difficult to predict. For example, the release of genetically modified organisms into the environment could have unforeseen effects on ecosystems.

Overall, it is important for anyone considering biohacking to carefully consider the potential risks and to conduct their projects in a safe and ethical manner.


Genetic biohacking of this kind, experimenting on oneself and others, poses risks to public health. These include interventions with little safety or efficacy, the lack of true informed consent, and the introduction and incorporation into the market of unsafe and unproven “therapies”. These risks increase the risk of medical problems, such as scarring or infection. Medical professionals don't recommend that you do them, especially considering the combined risk of not knowing where these kits come from.

The main concern of this biohacking movement is that these procedures entail obvious health risks. Biohackers want to sleep more; reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes; concentrate better at work or while pursuing their hobbies; lose weight; and prevent or control mental health problems such as depression. The article from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences that we have been referring to throughout the guide also addressed this idea and stated that five SNPs have been identified related to increasing the risk of obesity and reducing weight due to resistance.

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