What does biohacking mean?

Substantive the activity of experimentally exploiting genetic material without regard to accepted ethical standards or for criminal purposes. Biohacking is a term used to describe the biology of “do it yourself”. It involves people making gradual changes to their body, diet and lifestyle to improve their health and well-being. Some current examples of biohacking are common, and people may consider them just a part of everyday life.

Luckily, biohackers generally don't seem interested in dethroning experience to such a dangerous degree; many simply don't believe that they should be prevented from accessing scientific discoveries because they lack conventional credentials, such as a doctorate. Biotechnologists also use experiments carried out by biohackers to guide biotechnological research. According to a recent study published in The Journal of Trends in Biotechnology, biohacking is a self-made citizen science that merges body modification with technology. In person, they conduct experiments and take classes at “hacklabs”, improvised laboratories open to the public, and attend any of the dozens of biohacking conferences held every year.

Biohacking refers to a wide range of gradual changes that a person can make to their body and lifestyle, from taking supplements and using wearable technology to control their health, to the use of implanted devices. Biohacking can also refer to more experimental and less common practices, such as blood transfusions, egg rejuvenation, cryogenics and gene editing. However, the best results of biohacking come from being well-informed and cautious about what works for the body. However, in terms of biohacking, professionals and amateurs use CRISPR to edit their own biology in order to optimize certain body characteristics, such as increasing muscles without having to go to the gym.

Because there is little regulation on biohacking and many people don't report their findings, it's hard to say what percentage of biohacking is successful. Some types of biohacking have produced effective results, such as certain applications of nutrigenomics, while other experiments have failed. Some biohackers believe that by taking advantage of technology, they will be able to live longer but stay younger. While this may open up a new field of possibilities, conducting experiments in the garage or in a community biohacking laboratory can be difficult to regulate, hence the security, ethical and legal concerns.

These biohackers share tips and techniques to help non-experts perform structured experiments on themselves outside of a controlled experimental environment, such as laboratories or doctors' offices. Since it can cover a dizzying range of activities, I am going to focus mainly on biohacking, defined as the attempt to manipulate the brain and body to optimize performance, outside the scope of traditional medicine.

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